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Reference value

Ejaculate volume               

≥ 2 ml

Sperm concentration              

≥ 20 x 106 spermatozoa per ml

Total sperm number               

≥ 40 x 106 spermatozoa per

Motility (PR+NP, %)             

≥ 50%

Forward progression              

≥ 25%


≥ 14% normal